Tense- indicates aspect and time of verbal action
Present – verb tense that normally expresses progressive action occurring in the present
Future- the tense that normally expresses verbal action occurring in the future in relation to the speaker/writer. (this tense is used in other contexts in which the verbal action is voluntative, gnomic or deliberative.
Aorist – tense that usually presents verbal action simply and in summary fashion. This is in contrast to the notion commonly conveyed by the imperfect: ongoing action. In the indicative mood, the aorist commonly denotes past time. The aorist is sometimes spoken of as indefinite.
Imperfect – verb tense that normally denotes progressive (ongoing) past action
Perfect- tense than normally denotes verbal action that has been completed in the past but which has present results.
Pluperfect- the tense that normally denotes an action that was completed in the past and whose results were also felt in the past (before the time of the writer/speaker). Also called the past perfect.
Voice- feature of verb that expresses its relationship to the subject, whether the action is directed toward the
Direct object (active voice)- voice that signifies that the subject is performing or causing the verbal action.
Subject (passive voice)- – the voice that conveys that the subject is being affected by or is the receiver of the verbal action.
Action directed by subject back toward subject (middle/reflexive voice)
Mood- denotes nature of verbal idea with regards to actuality or potentiality
Imperative mood- expresses command or declaration of volition- in realm of possible to become actual
Opative mood- used in prayers, wishes to denote action that is possible
Subjunctive mood-action as being possible or probable
Indicative mood-verbal idea as being actual or real as opposed to that which is only possible or intended
DeMoss, Matthew S. Pocket Dictionary For The Study of New Testament Greek. 2001