Article, Noun, Preposition, Adjectives, Adverbs

Article- the part of speech that has the ability to identify, make definite or conceptualize, among other things.

Anarthrous – lacking the article

Arthrous- having the article

Articular – Having the Article- adjectives, adverbs, infinitives, nouns, participles, prepositional phrases and even whole sentences can all be articular

Nominative- the case that normally functions to indicate the grammatical subject of a clause.

Accusative- the case that usually marks a noun, pronoun or other substantive as the object of the verbal action, i.e. functioning as the direct object.

Genitive- the case that normally limits the quality of substantives to their kind, class or category, often denoting possession, source or concepts conveyed in English by the preposition of. The genitive often answers the question – What kind?

Dative – The case that is regularly used for indirect objects, designating the person or thing to which something is given or for whom something exists or is done. It can also express the purpose or result of an action. Other uses include the dative of advantage, disadvantage, possession, manner, cause, reference, place, time, instrument, and association.

Adjective – A word that modifies or qualifies a substantive or describes a state or quality

Adverb – a word that modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb

DeMoss, Matthew S. Pocket Dictionary For The Study of New Testament Greek. 2001

Verb basics : Tense, Voice, Mood

Tense- indicates aspect and time of verbal action

Present – verb tense that normally expresses progressive action occurring in the present

Future- the tense that normally expresses verbal action occurring in the future in relation to the speaker/writer. (this tense is used in other contexts in which the verbal action is voluntative, gnomic or deliberative.

Aorist – tense that usually presents verbal action simply and in summary fashion. This is in contrast to the notion commonly conveyed by the imperfect: ongoing action. In the indicative mood, the aorist commonly denotes past time. The aorist is sometimes spoken of as indefinite.

Imperfect – verb tense that normally denotes progressive (ongoing) past action

Perfect- tense than normally denotes verbal action that has been completed in the past but which has present results.

Pluperfect- the tense that normally denotes an action that was completed in the past and whose results were also felt in the past (before the time of the writer/speaker). Also called the past perfect.

Voice- feature of verb that expresses its relationship to the subject, whether the action is directed toward the

Direct object (active voice)- voice that signifies that the subject is performing or causing the verbal action.

Subject (passive voice)- – the voice that conveys that the subject is being affected by or is the receiver of the verbal action.

Action directed by subject back toward subject (middle/reflexive voice)

Mood- denotes nature of verbal idea with regards to actuality or potentiality

Imperative mood- expresses command or declaration of volition- in realm of possible to become actual

Opative mood- used in prayers, wishes to denote action that is possible

Subjunctive mood-action as being possible or probable

Indicative mood-verbal idea as being actual or real as opposed to that which is only possible or intended

DeMoss, Matthew S. Pocket Dictionary For The Study of New Testament Greek. 2001