Principles of Interpretation – Clinton Lockhart
Axioms of Hermeneutics
- The true object of speech is the impartation of thought.
- The true object of interpretation is to apprehend the exact thought of the author.
- Language is a reliable medium of communication.
- Usage determines the meaning of words.
- Two writers do not independently express thought alike.
- Every writer is influenced by his environment.
- An authors’ purpose determines the character of his production
- Any writing is liable to modification in copying, translating, and the gradual change of a living tongue.
- By one expression one thought is conveyed, and only one.
- The function of a word depends on its association with other words.
- A correct definition of a word substituted for the word itself will not modify the meaning of the text.
- One of two contradictory statements must be false, unless corresponding terms have different meanings or applications.
- Truth must accord with truth; and statements of truth apparently discrepant can be harmonized if the facts are known.
- An assertion of truth necessarily excludes that to which it is essentially opposed and no more.