Article- the part of speech that has the ability to identify, make definite or conceptualize, among other things.
Anarthrous – lacking the article
Arthrous- having the article
Articular – Having the Article- adjectives, adverbs, infinitives, nouns, participles, prepositional phrases and even whole sentences can all be articular
Nominative- the case that normally functions to indicate the grammatical subject of a clause.
Accusative- the case that usually marks a noun, pronoun or other substantive as the object of the verbal action, i.e. functioning as the direct object.
Genitive- the case that normally limits the quality of substantives to their kind, class or category, often denoting possession, source or concepts conveyed in English by the preposition of. The genitive often answers the question – What kind?
Dative – The case that is regularly used for indirect objects, designating the person or thing to which something is given or for whom something exists or is done. It can also express the purpose or result of an action. Other uses include the dative of advantage, disadvantage, possession, manner, cause, reference, place, time, instrument, and association.
Adjective – A word that modifies or qualifies a substantive or describes a state or quality
Adverb – a word that modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb
DeMoss, Matthew S. Pocket Dictionary For The Study of New Testament Greek. 2001